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The Six Wives of Henry VIII: References

This is a guide to the six wives of King Henry VIII of England and is created for those in the Medieval and Renaissance Studies (MERS) minor at Brandeis University. It follows the learning objectives of the minor.


Brandeis University. (2019). Provisional university bulletin (2019-2020): An interdepartmental program in medieval and renaissance studies. Retrieved from 

Brandeis University. (2018). Enrollments, by gender (fall 2018). Retrieved from

Six Wives in Brief

Elton, G.R. & Morrill, J.S. (2019). Henry VIII. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Anne Boleyn. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Anne of Cleves. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Catherine of Aragon. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Catherine Howard. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Catherine Parr. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Encyclopaedia Britannica. (2019). Jane Seymour. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Greenblatt, S.J. & Morrill, J.S. (2019). Elizabeth I. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from https://www/

Morrill, J.S. (2019). Edward VI. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from

Simons, E.N. (2019). Mary I. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from


Bryne, C. (2014). Katherine Howard: A new history. MadeGlobal Publishing. 

Fraser, A. (1993). The wives of Henry VIII. New York, NY: Vintage Books.

Ives, E. (2009). The life and death of Anne Boleyn: The most happy. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Norton, E. (2009). Anne of Cleves: Henry VIII's discarded bride. Amberley Publishing. 

Norton, E. (2009). Jane Seymour: Henry VIII's true love. Amberley Publishing.

Norton, E. (2010). Catherine Parr. Amberley Publishing.

Starkey, D. (2003). Six wives: The queens of Henry VIII. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers. 

Tremlett, G. (2010). Catherine of Aragon: The Spanish queen of Henry VIII. Walker Books.


Beer, M.L. (2018). Queenship at the Renaissance courts of Britain: Catherine of Aragon and Margaret Tudor, 1503-1533. Royal Historical Society.

Gristwood, S. (2016). Game of queens: The women who made sixteenth-century Europe. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Harris, B.J. (2002). English aristocratic women, 1450-1550. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Norton, E. (2017). The hidden lives of Tudor women: A social history. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Stevenson, J. (2018). Inventing early modern women. Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 12(2). Retrieved from https://eds-b-


Dowling, M. (1991). A woman's place?: Learning and the wives of Henry VIII. History Today, 41(6), 38-42. Retrieved from


Kaartinen, M. (2002). Religious life and English culture in the Reformation. Palgrave Macmillan.

Ives, E. (1994). Anne Boleyn and the early reformation in England: The contemporary evidence. The Historical Journal, 37(2), 389-400. Retrieved from

McEntegart, R. (2002). Henry VIII, the league of Schmalkalden, and the English Reformation. Royal Historical Society.

Court and Custom

Lipscomb, S. (2009). 1536: The year that changed Henry VIII. Lion Books.

Loach, J. (1994). The function of ceremonial in the reign of henry viii. Past and Present(142), 43-68. Retrieved from

Warnicke, R. (1996). Henry viii's greeting of anne of cleves and early modern court protocol. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, 28(4), 565-585. Retrieved from

Further Reading

British History Online. (n.d.). Letters and Papers, Henry VIII. Retrieved on December 13, 2019 from

British History Online. (n.d.). Calendar of State Papers, Spain. Retrieved on December 13, 2019 from 

Clarke, S., Cranitch, M., Wardle, L. & White, N. (2001). The six wives of Henry VIII. United Kingdom: Channel Four.

Clement, O. (2019). Broadway's six finds its stars. Retrieved from

England, R. & Moss, C. (2018). Secrets of the six wives with Lucy Worsley. United Kingdom: BBC One.

Goodman, R. (2017). How to be a Tudor: A Dawn-to-Dusk Guide to Tudor Life. Liveright.

Hirst, M. (2007-2010). The Tudors. Ireland, Canada, United Kingdrom, United States: Showtime.

Lipscomb, S. (2020). Six Queens: The Wives of Henry VIII. Head of Zeus.

Lipscomb, S. (2012). A Visitor's Companion to Tudor England. Ebury Press.

Mantel, H. (2009). Wolf Hall. HarperCollins Publishers.

Marlowe, T. & Moss, L. (Writers). (April 7, 2019). Six: the musical. Live performance at the Royal Albert Hall, London, England.