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Estonian Folk Music: Further Research

Search Terms and Definitions 

Seto Leelo Seto Leelo is the runic folk singing tradition of the Seto people, who reside mostly in Southern Estonia. 
Polyphonic Polyphonic refers to a type of musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are sounding simultaneously, producing contrapuntal harmonies. Polyphonic overtone singing—also called throat singing, or harmonic singing—is a type of singing technique in which one singer produces the affect of singing two notes at once: the "fundamental" note, and one or more overtone notes.
Runic Songs Runic songs—or Runosongs—is the category of older folk songs from Estonia, as well as other Baltic states. 
Regilaul Regilaul is the Estonian word for Runic—or Runo—songs. 
Regivärss Regivärss is the poetic meter of Runic songs
Kalevala Kalevala is another term to refer to Runic songs
Sõnolinõ Sõnolinõ is the lead singer in Seto Leelo. Also called, the Mother of Song




Estonia in Song

  • This website gives context to the singing tradition in Estonia—from it's Baltic-Finnish origins to the Singing Revolution, which led to the independence of the Baltic states in 1987-1991. It also includes a bibliography of sources.

Estonian Song Festival 

  • Laulupido is an Estonian choral song festival that began in 1869. You can watch the 8-hour televised broadcast of Lualupido 2019 via YouTube.